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MARPOL 73/78 Annex 1 Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil

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Marpol Annex 1 -Regulations for preventing oil pollution from ships
MARPOL Annex I (Oil) entered into force on 2nd October 1983. It contains regulations for the prevention of pollution by oil. The United Kingdom domestic legislation to implement this Annex was the Merchant Shipping (Prevention of Oil Pollution) Regulations 1983.


Discharging of Oil : The regulations govern the discharges, except for clean or segregated ballast, from all ships. They require inter alia all ships to be fitted with pollution prevention equipment to comply with the stringent discharge regulations.

Discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures, as defined in an Appendix to the Convention, is prohibited by the regulations of AnnexI except when all the following conditions are satisfied.

From the machinery space bilges of all ships, except from those of tankers where the discharge is mixed with oil cargo residue:

The ship is not within a Special Area;
The ship is more than 12nautical miles from the nearest land;
The ship is en route;
The oil content of the effluent is less than 15 parts per million. And;
The ship has in operation an oil discharge monitoring and control system, oily-water separating equipment, oil filtering system or other installation required by this Annex.

These restrictions do not apply to diTscharges of oily mixture which without dilution have an oil content not exceeding 15ppm.

From the cargo area of an oil tanker (discharges from cargo tanks, including cargo pump rooms; and from machinery space bilges mixed with cargo oil residue):

The tanker is not within a Special Area;
The tanker is more than 50nautical miles from the nearest land;
The tanker is proceeding en route;
The instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 30litres per nautical mile;
The total quantity of oil discharged into the sea does not exceed for existing tankers 1/15000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part, and for new tankers (as defined in the Annex) 1/30000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part; and
The tanker has in operation, except where provided for in the Annex, an oil discharge monitoring and control system and a slop tank arrangement. Special and Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas. AnnexI applies to all such areas.

Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plans (SOPEP): Regulation26 of Annex1 to MARPOL 73/78 requires every oil tanker of 150grt and above and every other vessel of 400grt and above, to carry on board a SOPEP approved by the vessel’s flag administration. Regulation26 came into force on 4 April 1995 for all existing vessels.

IMO has produced guidelines, as IMO Resolution MEPC 54(32), for the development of SOPEPs. This regulation also applies to offshore installations engaged in gas and oil production, seaports and oil terminals.

Environment Aspects / Causes of Pollution from Ships

The interface of ships with the marine and air environments can lead to their potential pollution in the following ways:

1. Pollution by Oil (including Oily Bilge Water)

2. Pollution by other Noxious substances \u0026 Packaged Harmful substances

3. Pollution by Garbage

4. Pollution by Sewage

5. Air pollution from Engine

6. Emission of Ozone-depleting substances

7. Leaching from Anti-fouling of Hull paint

8. Pollution by Ballast water (migration of invasive species)

Items (1) to (6) above are governed by the MARPOL Convention

Item (7) is in Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships

Item (8) comes under Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments

Any sighting of pollutant around or near the vessel should immediately brought to the notice of ships master and action to be taken to mitigate pollution as per SOPEP.

MARPOL Annex 1

This video contains important information which can be used for all kind of exams such as DNS, BSc Nautical Science, 2nd Mate written, 2nd Mate orals \u0026 other competency examinations as well.

Intoduction to Annex 1, Causes of oil pollution, Effects of oil pollution, Special Areas, Discharge criteria, Oil Record Book, SOPEP, IOPPC are all explained in detail in this video.

The affirmed objective of MARPOL Annex 1, which entered into force on 2nd October 1983, is to protect the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other damaging elements and to lessen the chances of accidental discharge of any such elements.



Watch video on MARPOL Annex 2 in detail :





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